AA Battery Voltage Chart (Important Battery Metrics) - ShopSolar.com
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AA Battery Voltage Chart

Updated July 21, 2023

Not all AA batteries are the same, and the electrical metrics between different batteries are distinctively different. But just because they say they have the right voltage on the box doesn’t mean they also provide the same power and knowing how to use a double A battery voltage chart will show you why.

AA batteries are the most common type of batteries and are incredibly versatile with the ability to power a variety of electronic gadgets from remote controls for solar systems to your kids’ favorite toys. 

The following article details the important specifications, kinds, and performance standards for AA batteries, as well as describe the relationship between charge and voltage and its importance.  

A few simple AA battery usage charts will also be highlighted to summarize and inform you of typical AA batteries’ key features.  

What Is an AA Battery

Before we go ahead and get into the numbers, it is a good idea to get familiar with what an AA battery is and clear any confusion or misconceptions about them.

double a battery voltage chart

To put it simply, an AA battery is a tiny cylindrical dry-cell battery used in a variety of electronic devices.

It’s also important to consider the dimensions and voltages of your AA battery before placing them into any device. Using the wrong-sized battery in an incompatible device means less inefficient powering and might even cause electrical damage.

Always keep in mind the standard dimensions and voltage requirements of your battery to ensure your device can be efficiently powered.

There are several different types of AA batteries which include alkaline, lithium, and nickel-metal hydride (Ni-MH) batteries and each one has its voltage ratings and unique specifications.

The AA on these batteries refers to the size and shape of the battery. For example, AA batteries measure roughly 14.5mm x 50.55mm, making them bigger, wider, and taller than their equivalents.

The AAA batteries, on the other hand, are more suited for compact, low-power gadgets since they are shorter in length and diameter. AAA batteries typically measure 10.5 mm x 44.5 mm in size.

Now that we have a better understanding of what an AA battery is, we can move on and get into the types and associated voltages of each battery.

Standard Voltage of an AA Battery

The standard voltage of AA batteries is typically between 1.2 and 1.5 volts. The electronic devices that these batteries can operate efficiently should be between 0.9 and 1.5 volts. A device with a higher required voltage will not function efficiently.

AA battery voltage range

Rechargeable AA batteries have slightly lower voltage ratings, especially since they can be reused over a specific timeframe.

AA Battery Capacity

Battery capacity is another important aspect to consider when it comes to AA batteries. The capacity is typically measured in milliampere hours and is different among AA battery types with different chemical compositions.

The general capacity range for AA batteries is between 500 to 3300 milliampere hours. The higher milliampere hour readings are due to the chemistry of the battery.

For example, the standard nickel-cadmium battery has a capacity between 600 and 1000 milliampere hours, while the lithium-iron disulfide battery has a capacity between 2700 and 3300 milliampere hours. 

AA battery voltage levels

If you want to know about all the different battery types and their associated ratings, then refer to the AA battery voltage chart below.

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AA Battery Voltage Chart

The battery voltage charge chart below lists the most important aspects of AA batteries and will aid you in choosing a suitable battery for your electronic devices.

Chemistry Composition

Voltage (V)

Capacity (mAh)

Rechargeable/Non-Rechargeable

NiCd

1.2

600 – 1000

Rechargeable

NiMH

1.2

700 – 2800

Rechargeable

Zinc Carbon

1.5

600 – 1600

Non - Rechargeable

Alkaline

1.5

1800 – 2700

Non – Rechargeable

Li-FeS2

1.5 – 1.8

2700 – 3300

Non - Rechargeable

Lithium

1.5

1000 – 2000

Rechargeable

NiOOH

1.5 – 1.7

2200 – 2700

Non – Rechargeable

NiZn

1.65

1500 – 1800

Rechargeable

LiFePO4

3.2

500-750

Rechargeable

Li-MnO2

3

2000

Non – Rechargeable

Li-SOCl2

3.5

2400 – 2700

Non – Rechargeable

Li-ion

3.6

600 – 2000

Rechargeable

Relationship Between Charge and Voltage in an AA Battery

Charge and voltage are often confused to be the same and it is a common misconception among those starting in electronics, especially those wanting to install a solar panel system.

When it comes to AA batteries charge and voltage are very distinct concepts and it is essential not to get these concepts confused.

The charge of an AA battery refers to the amount of energy that is stored in the battery. Voltage, on the other hand, is the measure of the difference in electrical potential between the battery’s terminals.

To put it in perspective, a fully charged battery will have a high voltage, meaning that it can output a lot of electrical energy. Over time through repeated use, the voltage will drop due to the depletion of the charge.

You will notice that over time your battery doesn’t last as long as it did in the beginning and it is due to the concept of depleted charge. At the end of its cycle, when the charge has been fully depleted, the battery cannot power any electronic device.

You can always refer to the cell voltage chart to see the differences in charge and voltage of the different battery types.

Why It’s Important

For newbies in the electrical field, the relationship between charge and voltage might seem pointless. Still, it’s incredibly important as it determines the longevity of a battery’s life.

The relationship between voltage and charge not only determines how long a battery will last but also determines how much energy it can deliver at a specific time.

To put it practically, let’s say we have a device that requires a high voltage to operate efficiently. If we use a battery with a lower operating voltage, the battery will not be able to power it.

However, if we decide to use a battery with a high voltage, then it is likely that the lifespan of this battery is a lot shorter because it can deliver its charge more quickly.

AA battery voltage specifications

There are a lot more factors that affect a battery’s lifespan and performance. Temperature, chemistry composition, and internal resistance are just some of the other factors that can affect battery performance over time.

To select the best battery for a particular application and ensure that devices perform dependably and effectively, it is crucial to understand the relationship between charge and voltage.

AA Batteries and Solar Panels

At first glance, there appear to be zero links between AA batteries and solar panel systems, but this is not at all the case.

AA batteries can be an incredibly important component of solar panel systems, particularly when it comes to energy storage.

Any excess energy produced by your solar panel system can be stored within AA batteries. It is a good way to ensure that this excess energy doesn’t go to waste or overload its connected devices.

The charged batteries can later be used to power your devices and appliances when the sun isn’t generating a sufficient amount of energy.

In off-grid or isolated areas where access to a dependable source of electricity may be limited, AA batteries are especially helpful. A solar panel system with AA battery storage can offer a durable and dependable source of electricity in these circumstances.

It's crucial to keep in mind that not every solar panel installation requires AA batteries to function. Other battery types, such as lead-acid, lithium-ion, or nickel-metal hydride batteries, may be used in some solar panel systems.

The selection of a battery will be based on the requirements of the solar panel system, including the necessary storage capacity and the desired battery longevity.

AA battery voltage ratings

The best battery for solar panel systems is the 12V LiFePO4 battery from Shop Solar.com. You can find the electrical ratings for this battery listed in the battery voltage chart above. They are the ideal choice for solar panel systems due to their high energy efficiencies and long-life cycle.

Conclusion

We typically purchase AA batteries without giving them much thought, especially when we just need them to replace the depleted batteries of the TV remote. However, we now know that there is a wide range of battery types that can power your devices more efficiently at a lower cost.

Be sure to always consider precise voltages and capacities required to power devices before you go out and purchase any old battery.

Although some devices may be able to run on AA batteries at a higher voltage, it is crucial to adhere to the recommended voltage to ensure optimal performance and safe use.

The double A battery voltage has been covered in great detail. Depending on the type, size, or other chemistry properties, you can make an informed decision on a suitable battery for your electronic devices.

Finally, to increase your understanding of batteries and solar panels you should familiarize yourself with the various other charts such as the solar panel voltage chart, 12V battery health chart, and the deep-cycle battery chart.

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Article by

Cody Oehm

Cody is the Head of Marketing at Shop Solar, and joined the company in spring of 2022. 

He has an entrepreneurial background and has been in the ecommerce industry since 2015. With 4 businesses under his belt and a drive to make a bigger impact, he decided to team up with Shop Solar on their mission to make solar simple and affordable. You can browse best seller's here.

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