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Gallium Arsenide: Definition & Meaning

Noun

Gallium Arsenide Definition

Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) is a compound semiconductor material that combines elements gallium (Ga) and arsenic (As). Known for its superior electronic and optoelectronic properties compared to silicon, GaAs has gained prominence in various high-frequency and high-efficiency applications, including solar cells.

Key aspects and applications of Gallium Arsenide include:

  1. Optoelectronic Superiority: GaAs has a direct bandgap, which makes it especially efficient for optoelectronic applications, such as LEDs, laser diodes, and photodetectors. Direct bandgap materials can emit light efficiently, making them prime candidates for these applications.

  2. Solar Cells: In the context of solar energy, GaAs-based solar cells are renowned for their high efficiency. They can achieve greater power conversion efficiencies compared to traditional silicon-based cells, especially under concentrated sunlight, making them popular for space and concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) applications.

  3. Electronics: Beyond solar applications, GaAs is widely used in the electronics industry for high-frequency integrated circuits, such as microwave and millimeter-wave components. Its superior electron mobility allows for faster signal transmission than silicon.

  4. Limitations: While GaAs offers many advantages, it is more expensive to produce than silicon, which has limited its widespread adoption in some commercial applications. Additionally, arsenic is a toxic element, necessitating careful handling and processing.

  5. Development in Multijunction Cells: GaAs is often used in tandem with other materials in multijunction solar cells, which aim to capture a broader spectrum of sunlight, further enhancing energy conversion efficiency.

In both the solar industry and the broader realm of electronics, Gallium Arsenide stands out for its exceptional optoelectronic properties, enabling advancements in efficiency and performance.

Usage: "The satellite's power system opted for Gallium Arsenide-based solar cells due to their high efficiency and reliability in the challenging space environment."

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